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Wingham Village
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Wingham in the Domes Day Book


In the Lathe1 of EASTRY is WINGHAM Hundred2
WINGHAM in lordship3. It answered for 40 sulungs4 before 1066; now for 35.  In demesne5 80 carucates6, and 85 villeins7 with 20 bordari8 who have 57 carucates. There are 8 servi9; 2 mills at 34s; woodland for feedig 5 pigs;  2 small woods for fencing.
Total value before 1066 77; when acquired the same; now 100.
William of Arques holds 1 sulung of his manor in Fleet. He has 1 carucate in Lordship and 4 villeins and 1 man-at-arms with 1 carucate. A fishery with a salt-house at 30d
Value of the whole 40s.
Of the manor itself 5 of the archbishop's men hold 51/2 sulungs and 3 yokes. In lordship they have 8 carucates. 22  borderi and 8 servi.
In total, value 21


1. Lathe - a divison of land only recognised in Kent derives from geladian (to assemble)
2. Hundred - A measure of land equal to 100 hides
3. in lordship - belonging to the Archbishop

4. sulung or sulin - a Kentish measure equal the amount of land that could be tilled in a year by one plough of four oxen team of 4 oxen. Equivalent of one hide or app. 216 English or 80 Norman acres

5. demense - part of an estate held to the Lord's proper use
6. carucate or ploughs worth - The amount of land that could be cultivated by one plough in one year
7. villein - A man in servitude to the lord of the manor. Tied to a set piece of land on which he worked in order to support himself and family through the provission of food and lodgings supplied by their master. 
8. bordari - Those who carried out inferior work (threshing, wood cutting, drawing water etc.)
9. servi - people of a lower ranking than villeins and bordari - often bought and sold as slaves.
Women and children were not counted. Hussey, A (1896)*  calculates the total population of Wingham Hundred to be approximately 900 spread over the present day parishes of Wingham, Ash, Goodnestone, Nonington and Woomanswold.
*Hussey, Arthur (1896) The Chronicles of Wingham : Pub. J. A. Jennings